On Sunday evening, Medtronic (NYSE:MDT) — one of the leading supplier of medical supplies to doctors and hospitals — announced that it would be purchasing its Irish competitor Covidien (NYSE:COV) for $42.9 billion. In the companies’ press release, there is talk about all sorts of synergies between the two companies, and I don’t doubt their validity. But management buried the lead: the company is going to re-locate to Covidien’s home country in Ireland.
Why would it want to do this? The simple answer is taxes! The United States has one of the highest corporate tax rates — 35 percent in the world — whereas Ireland has one of the lowest corporate tax rates in the world at just 12.5 percent. This is an enormous benefit considering that Medtronic’s 2013 tax burden was about $700 million. The potential 22.5 percent savings on taxes goes straight to the bottom line; that is, it becomes earnings, and higher earnings not only means a higher stock price, but it gives the company more money to reinvest into its business so that it can grow more quickly.
Medtronic is not the first company to come up with this idea. In fact, very recently we saw merger talks commence and then fail between two other healthcare giants – Pfizer (NYSE:PFE) and AstraZenica (NYSE:AZN). AstraZenica is headquartered in the UK, which has a 21 percent corporate tax rate. While the deal didn’t go through, a clear pattern is emerging.
From an investment standpoint, it is too late to benefit from the Medtronic-Covidien deal. However, now that a pattern is emerging, it seems possible that we can find other potential takeover candidates overseas, and particularly in countries that have low corporate tax rates. Here is a short, non-exhaustive list of such countries:
- Ireland: 12.5 percent
- UK: 21 percent
- Singapore: 17 percent
- Switzerland: 17.92 percent
- Hong Kong: 16.5 percent
- Sweden: 22 percent
Again, the list goes on longer, especially if we start to look at countries in the emerging markets and countries with heightened political risk. But the point is that the Medtronic-Covidien deal could spark a wave of similar deals, and investors should look at American Depository Receipts (ADRs) of stocks that are headquartered in these countries.