What Does the Unemployment Data for June Really Say About Jobs?

Source: Thinkstock

Source: Thinkstock

On Thursday, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (aka the BLS) released the always anticipated unemployment data for June. Investors were pleasantly surprised to learn that the American economy created 288,000 jobs. Sounds great, right?

This was better-than-expected, and it is a faster job creation rate than the rate at which the population is growing. As a result, markets rose on Thursday. However, over the weekend I had a chance to look more closely at the data and I’m not sure that the market’s optimism was warranted. It seems that several other investors agree with me because we saw a pullback in the market on Monday. In fact, economically sensitive stocks such as industrials and small-caps retreated the most, while defensive stocks stood their ground. This confirms my suspicion that there are problems with the conclusion of Thursday’s rosy unemployment report.

So what was wrong with the data? Simply put, the 288,000 increase in jobs masks the fact that the jobs that were created were part-time jobs. In fact, 523,000 full-time jobs were lost! Further, 840,000 part time jobs were gained. Investors should not be surprised that this is taking place, and I expect that it will continue to take place.

The reason for this is that the new Affordable Health Care Act mandates that companies that are large enough must provide health insurance for its employees. But this only applies to full-time employees. The goal behind this legislation was to increase the number of people who have health insurance, although the actual impact was that employers decided that they were better off reducing the number of full-time employees and increasing the number of part-time employees.