Extinct Dog Breeds You’ve Gotta See to Believe
Do you think you know just about every dog breed that exists? Maybe you do, but bet you don’t know about these strange breeds that are now extinct. Click through to see seven dog breeds that don’t exist anymore and see if you’ve heard of even one of them.
1. Salish Woolly Dog
The Salish Coast Indians loved the Salish Woollys for their fur, and they kept these little dogs separate from other dogs in the village, according to Rover. They did this to preserve the dogs’ white, long coat — and they sheared them each spring, just like sheep. The Indians spun the fiber to use for blanket weaving, but the breed died out due to the availability of inexpensive sheep wool for blankets and interbreeding them with other breeds.
Next: Many dogs’ heritages come from this one.
2. St. John’s water dog
Most of our modern water retrievers’ heritage dates back to Newfoundland’s St. John’s water dog, including the golden retriever, Newfoundland, and Labrador retriever, according to Rover. When fishermen started to bring water dogs over from Portugal, there was a naturally occurring crossbreeding with resident Newfoundland dogs.
Once British hunters recognized St. John’s dogs, they imported them to improve their water-retrieving stock. Gradually, the breed was absorbed into the Labrador retriever.
Next: Before borders
3. Cumberland sheepdog
Before the border collie and Australian shepherd, there was the Cumberland sheepdog, according to Rover. The Cumberland gained popularity in northern England immediately, but the breed began to fall out of favor at the end of the 19th century. By the beginning of the 20th century, the Cumberlands that were left were being called border collies — many think that the Cumberland was absorbed into the latter breed.
Next: Is it a dog or a coyote?
4. Hare Indian dog
Many thought the Hare dog was mix of a domestic dog and a coyote hybrid — known as a coydog, according to Rover. Many members of the Alaskan Athabaskan tribes kept these dogs for sight hunting and trap lining in the Great Bear Lake region of northern Canada. Eventually, however, the Hare dog was interbred with other breeds that settlers and trappers introduced to the area and the breed became extinct.
Next: Are some of these left?
The Thylacine, known as the Australian Tiger Dog, wasn’t technically a canine, according to Rover. Instead, it was a marsupial that British settlers in Australia and Tasmania used to protect their herds of sheep.
Sadly, the last known specimens died in captivity. That said, some people still believe some exist in the hinterlands of the outback. Those people are likely still looking for Yeti, too.
Next: Does this dog look familiar?
The Molossus is the grandfather of some of the biggest and most imposing breeds today, according to Rover. You can trace the Molossus back to ancient Greece, and it branched out to breeds including the mastiff, St. Bernard, Bernese mountain dog, Rottweiler, and Great Dane. Molossian dogs were very hard workers — they have had many jobs over the centuries — and were particularly good at guarding people and livestock.
Next: Is it a dog or a coyote?
Mix a modern beagle and coonhound, color it pure white, and you’ve got the Talbot hound, according to Rover. A slow and thorough scent hound, the Talbot was — naturally — related to the bloodhound. Experts assume it was absorbed into the bloodhound breed over the years, but today, the term talbot typically refers to a well-mannered hunting dog.
Fun fact: “The Talbot” is a common name of some English inns and public houses, and their signs typically depict a large white hound with hanging ears.
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