How Do Lightsabers Get Their Color in ‘Star Wars’?

A Jedi without a lightsaber is almost like a fish out of water. Even though the Jedi are skilled in multiple forms of combat as well as with the Force, the lightsaber is their life. It’s safe to say that the moment a Jedi creates his or her lightsaber is the greatest point in their journey. It’s a weapon not seen anywhere else in the galaxy other than with Jedi or Sith. 

Like the movies and television series show, the Jedi can use a wide array of saber colors. Mace Windu’s is purple, Ahsoka ends up using white, while green and blue are very common. How do the Jedi get different colors? Do they choose them? Here’s what happens. 

Darth Vader with his red lightsaber at the 'Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker' Premiere in London.
Darth Vader with his red lightsaber at the ‘Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker’ Premiere in London | Ian West/PA Images via Getty Images

The kyber crystals call to the Jedi

With the premiere of The Rise of Skywalker, fans might wonder about the different lightsaber colors, or about the crystals inside. The movies in Star Wars never show the process involved with their sabers, just what they do with them once they have them. This is where the novels and TV shows come in.

In Season 1 of The Clone Wars, Anakin tells Padmé about what Obi-Wan told him after he constructed his first lightsaber. “He said to me, ‘Anakin, this is your life.’ This weapon is my life.” Of course, this is used in a way to show Padmé a grand gesture, but his words are still true. And as Master Yoda also said in the show, “The heart of the lightsaber, the crystal is.” Yoda said in The Clone Wars 

The thing that makes the sabers work, and that holds the power in them, is the kyber crystal. There are other various crystals and materials used to construct a saber, but these are the most common. And a Jedi doesn’t just pick one; the gem calls out to the Force-wielder. Its song leads the Jedi to it, where it can be harvested during The Gathering ritual. But it didn’t always have to happen during this ritual, as described in the novel Ahsoka

Kyber crystals don’t originally have a color; the Jedi determines the color

As ScreenRant reported, the kyber crystals don’t initially have a color. Once a Jedi finds the crystal that calls to them, the crystal’s hue changes depending on the Jedi. According to canon, it’s based on the “spiritual alignment” associated with the Jedi. 

And when it comes to the colors, blue denotes bravery, green is associated with harmony and goodwill, and purple could mean “moral ambiguity, uncertainty.” Purple is rare and doesn’t have an actual canon meaning per se, because it was a request by Samuel L. Jackson. Ahsoka Tano has white lightsabers when she comes back in Star Wars Rebels, and this denotes her individuality. She is not a Jedi anymore at this point, yet fights on the Light Side, so her sabers chose a color that doesn’t represent either side. 

Red lightsabers are created when the crystals are bled

In the novel Ahsoka, the former Jedi and titular character of the book hasn’t had her lightsabers since the Siege of Mandalore, when she put them in a fake grave. When she’s thrust back into action and the Rebellion, she knows she needs new lightsabers to save her friends on the planet Raada. She defeats the Sixth Brother, an Inquisitor set out to kill her and rehabilitates the crystals in his lightsaber. 

She explains in the book that all red lightsabers are that color because the Sith and other Dark-Sided Force wielders bleed the kyber crystals inside them. While Jedi or Light-Sided Force wielders are called to their crystals, those of the Dark-Side steal them and bend them to their will, “bleeding” them, which turns the sabers red no matter what color it was before. 

So there you have it: lightsabers are the most important thing to Jedi and the process to create them equally as such. Just like with the rest of Star Wars, sabers are mystical, important, and also quite cool.