Cancer is that scary six-letter word that has everyone a little nervous. It’s hard not to wonder if your routine check up will lead to a visit with a specialist, which will then lead to the discovery of cancer in some part of your body. While you may strive to lead a healthy life, it’s impossible to be perfect.
Cancer can be caused by smoking, exposure to radiation, carcinogens, obesity, hormones, chronic inflammation, and even a lack of exercise. These may be things you can control, but even if you live a perfectly clean, healthy life, you can’t escape your genetics, which also impacts your chances of developing certain cancers. Just as your genetics can make you predisposed to certain cancers, the fact that you are male makes you more likely to develop cancer at some point in your life. Nearly half of all men in the United States will have cancer during their lifetime, while only one-third of women will develop some form of cancer. This gap between the sexes is attributed to the typical male’s tendency to smoke, drink, and even have an occupation that may make you more exposed to certain cancer-causing elements.
One of the best things you can do for yourself is become educated on what causes cancer and what types of cancer men are the most likely to get. With a little education and a healthy lifestyle, you can be part of that 50% of males who live their entire life cancer-free.
1. Prostate cancer
The most common cancer in males may come as no surprise. The prostate is found only in men and leads as the cancer men will most likely get. Nearly 102 out of 100,000 men in the U.S. will get prostate cancer. Your age impacts your risk as does your ethnicity and your family history. While these are things you can’t control, diets high in calcium increase your risk of developing prostate cancer as does a sedentary lifestyle and obesity. Some research shows that eating foods that contain lycopene and selenium can help reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene can be found in cooked tomatoes and red fruits, while selenium is in Brazil nuts.
2. Lung cancer
This is one cancer that your lifestyle has a powerful impact on. Lung cancer is strongly correlated with cigarette smoking, with about 90% of lung cancers being caused by tobacco use. Tobacco contains over 4,000 chemical compounds called carcinogens, which have been shown to cause cancer. Passive smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke can also lead to lung cancer. Nonsmokers who live with a smoker have a 24 percent increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with other nonsmokers.
3. Colon cancer
This form of cancer is also called colorectal cancer and is closely related to your intestinal and digestion health. In fact, diets that are high in fat and low in fiber can increase your risk of getting colon cancer. Other factors that you are able to control that can lead to an increased chance of colon cancer include living a sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, obesity, and a heavy use of alcohol. In addition, your family history, age, a tendency for ulcers, and race can impact your health in this area.