The 15 Healthiest (and Unhealthiest) Meats You Can Eat
Many plant-based foods offer muscle-building protein, yet we often fill up with meat. This is okay as long as you understand the nutrition of different foods. These are the healthiest meats to add to your grocery cart — and the ones you should avoid altogether. One common meat will actually increase your risk of colon cancer (on page 10).
1. Healthy: chicken
Why: low in calories; high in protein and B vitamins
A 3-ounce serving of grilled chicken breast has around 130 calories and 25 grams of protein. It’s low in saturated fat, which according to the American Heart Association, makes it a better protein choice than red meat. And the B vitamins in poultry help with metabolism and contribute to a healthy skin and nervous system.
Next: Avoid this chicken if you can.
2. Unhealthy: chicken nuggets
Why: high in sodium, calories, and processed ingredients
Although nugs may be a slightly better choice when (fast) food options are limited, stocking them in your freezer isn’t advisable. For instance, Perdue’s nuggets have 210 calories and 480 milligrams of sodium in one serving. And the heavily-breaded morsels leave you with less actual meat.
Next: All pig-related meats are not created equal.
3. Healthy: pork tenderloin
Why: similar to chicken in nutritional value
Pork doesn’t deserve its unhealthy image; the USDA states both roasted pork tenderloin and chicken have about 120 calories, 3.5 grams of fat, and 22 grams of protein. One expert told Time chicken breast and pork tenderloin are pretty equal in leanness. Just steer clear of factory-raised pork tenderloin to avoid added hormones.
Next: It’s hard to resist this breakfast food — but you should try.
4. Unhealthy: bacon
Why: extremely high in sodium and fat
Three slices of this cured meat yields around 150 calories, the majority from fat. It also has 570 milligrams of sodium per serving, which is 24% the recommended daily value. According to The Huffington Post, the salty meat can increase the risk for heart disease.
Next: If you love red meat, choose this kind every time.
5. Healthy: grass-fed beef
Why: comes from cattle who haven’t consumed grains
Beef has been called both healthy and harmful. Confusing, right? However, grass-fed beef really can be good for you. Cooking Light says choosing grass-fed over grain-fed varieties can save you around 16,000 calories a year if you eat the typical amount. Grass-fed beef also has less fat and contains a decent amount of omega-3s, according to Mayo Clinic.
Next: Even the Irish should avoid this kind of beef.
6. Unhealthy: corned beef
Why: majorly increases the fat and calories
Nutritionix shows a 3-ounce serving of corned beef has 210 calories, 16 grams of fat (5 from saturated fat), and 830 milligrams of sodium. The protein content for one serving falls far short for the same amount of grilled chicken breast, too. It’s fine for the occasional treat, but stick to leaner cuts most of the time.
Next: A healthy bird alternative, especially if you love to hunt.
7. Healthy: pheasant
Why: contains iron, vitamins, and selenium
This may sound off-the-wall, but it’s a great alternative to your go-to meats. According to game-to-eat, “Pheasant and partridge also contain a high level of iron, protein, vitamin B6 and selenium, which helps to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.”
Next: Leave this bird in the pond where it belongs.
8. Unhealthy: Duck
Why: tons of calories and fat
Nutritionix shows ½ cup of roasted duck with skin totals 235 calories, 75% from fat. Eating a diet high in saturated fat can raise bad cholesterol and, according to the AHA, increases your risk of heart disease. Duck also has less protein than our healthier picks. When you want to indulge, ditch the skin to save some calories.
Next: We’re extra thankful for this meat.
9. Healthy: Turkey
Why: a lean meat full of B vitamins
Compared to chicken, a 3-ounce serving of turkey breast has slightly fewer calories and less fat, plus about the same amount of protein. Authority Nutrition says this extra lean meat is full of B vitamins, including selenium, which supports a healthy immune system. The best thing about turkey breast: its versatility. The poultry works well for everything from chili to sandwiches.
Next: Once considered healthy, this meat is linked to colon cancer.
10. Unhealthy: Deli meat
Why: filled with preservatives
WebMD mentions cold cuts are one of the worst foods you can have in your fridge because they’re made with nitrites and have tons of sodium. They’re also associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. While deli meats may seem like a quick, easy way to eat protein, it’s much better to opt for less-processed options, like a slice or two of the aforementioned turkey.
Next: A richer flavor than beef, and it’s good for you
11. Healthy: Bison
Why: Bison get to roam free, which leads to a healthier diet.
According to Dr. Axe, bison can be a naturally healthier option because their diets aren’t filled with hormones or questionable feed. A 3-ounce portion of ground bison contains 152 calories and 7 grams of fat, only 3 of which are saturated. And the flavor is even richer than beef.
Next: Find an alternative next time you’re at the ballpark.
12. Unhealthy: Hot dogs
Why: One hot dog can have 410 milligrams of sodium and only 6 grams of protein.
According to Business Insider, hot dogs are made with different meat trimmings, such as steak, chicken, and pork chops. These are combined with additives like corn syrup and salt, resulting in single beef hot dog packed with sodium but little protein. Experts also told Time the nitrates added during processing can contribute to cancer.
Next: As long as you don’t have an attachment to “Mary Had a Little Lamb”
13. Healthy: Lamb
Why: Lamb is an excellent source of zinc and iron, and it’s super rich in B vitamins.
According to Nourish With Lamb, “Lean lamb is a source of healthy, unsaturated fats. Forty percent of the fat in lean lamb is heart-healthy monounsaturated fat.” So, stick with lean cuts, and you’ll do the body good.
Next: Reconsider this tempting, honey-baked entree.
14. Unhealthy: Ham
Why: A honey-baked ham has 1,230 milligrams of sodium in just one serving.
You know deli ham isn’t good for you — and the fancier version is no different. Often consumed around the holidays, this salty meat should stay on the table for special occasions only. These types of hams are super cured and typically loaded with unnecessary sugars. Tasty? Yes. An unnecessary meat to consume regularly? Absolutely.
Next: An awesome calorie-swap for your regular burger
15. Healthy: Veal
Why: It’s a great option when you crave iron and protein, but want to skip the burger.
Similar to pork, veal is lower in fat than most kinds of beef. In fact, SFGate says 3 ounces of ground veal contain just 146 calories, while the same serving of ground pork is about 252 calories. You can even make a tasty veal dinner right at home.
Next: Better than bacon but not by much
16. Unhealthy: Prosciutto
Why: horrible fat content per serving
Next: An unusual, but healthy bird
17. Healthy: Ostrich
Why: Ostrich tastes like red meat but it’s healthier.
This unconventional meat has half the fat of chicken and more than 24 grams of protein in a three-ounce serving. At 123 calories, ostrich is a great option for carnivores.
Next: Avoid the meat and cheese platter during happy hour.
Why: way too much sodium
Salami will kill your salt goals for the day. One slice of this meat contains 17% of your daily recommended sodium intake.