13 Great Companies That Came Back From the Brink of Death

Every year, companies go bankrupt and others somehow recover. Great products, talented employees, and, in some cases, the government can help. Fortunately, the companies on this list had those things, becoming dramatic corporate comebacks. One U.S. chain was on the brink of death in 2008, but now it’s stronger than ever (on page 10). 

1. Apple

Man hand with Apple Watch holding iPhone

Now, Apple products are in most American homes. | iStock.com/Prykhodov

Now, Apple is the most valuable company in the world, but there was a time when the tech giant teetered on the edge of bankruptcy. Twenty years ago, media predicted the death of the company and it was losing $1 billion a year. Then founder Steve Jobs returned, launching revolutionary products like the iMac and iPod. Now, people wish they’d bought the company’s stock when it was at bargain-basement prices.

Next: This tech retailer learned from its former competitors’ mistakes.

2. Best Buy

Best Buy

A Best Buy store | Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Best Buy is the world’s largest brick-and-mortar electronics store. But a few years ago, it looked like it may join former competitors like Circuit City in the retail graveyard. In 2010, sales and profits were way down. A scandal involving the then-CEO in 2012 only made things worse, as Salon reported. Remarkably, the company turned itself around.

The new CEO cleaned up disorganized stores, shuttered failing locations, brought in exclusive products, and improved service. Most importantly, the chain integrated the online and in-store experiences and staffed stores with employees who were experts in popular brands like Samsung and Apple. Customers returned, and by 2016, both the profits and company’s stock price were up.

Next: This superhero brand saved itself.

3. Marvel

kevin feige of marvel studios

Kevin Feige, president of Marvel Studios, onstage during a Marvel fan event in 2014 | Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty Images for Disney

These days, we expect big-budget superhero flicks from Marvel. But 20 years ago, Marvel was bankrupt. The company didn’t know what to do with its many comic book properties. While rival DC Comics turned iconic characters like Batman and Superman into blockbuster franchises, Marvel failed to turn its superheroes into stars (Remember the 1986 flop Howard the Duck?).

Starting in the late ’90s, licensing deals successfully brought Marvel’s characters, like Spider-Man, the X-Men, and Blade, to theaters. But Marvel still wasn’t making money. So, it started a studio — and it worked. The company was acquired by Disney and now Marvel regularly creates movies that rake in profits.

Next: Thisfinance corporation pulled off a miracle.

4. AIG

AIG headquarters

An AIG building in New York City | Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Insurer AIG was once saved by the government, which owned virtually all of the company at the time. But AIG bought back its stock and is now the leading seller of fixed and variable annuities in the U.S., according to InsuranceNewsNet. President and CEO of AIG, Peter Hancock, wrote in a 2016 article, “AIG’s DNA is resilience, adaptability, and innovation. Many predicted our demise in 2008, but we survived and paid back our debts with interest.”

Next: This “Big Blue” tech company is hanging in there.

5. IBM

IBM logo

Change is hard but IBM successfully pulled it off. | ODD ANDERSEN/AFP/Getty Images

IBM is one of just a handful of companies that’s managed to keep its spot on the Fortune 500 list for more than half a century. Yet in the early ’90s, “Big Blue” nearly died. In 1992, it lost $5 billion (more than any other American company ever at the time).

New CEO Lou Gerstner turned things around — at a cost. He fired close to 100,000 people, loosened the uptight corporate culture, and changed the marketing strategy. The future wasn’t without challenges and profits have fallen, but IBM generated more than $81 billion in revenue in 2015 by providing business services and producing software.

Next: This fast-food chain thought outside of the “box” to survive.

6. Jack in the Box

jack in the box

Most Americans recognize Jack in the Box’s marketing material. | Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

In 1993, an E. coli outbreak at dozens of Jack in the Box restaurants created a major crisis. After eating contaminated hamburgers, four children died and more than 175 people were hospitalized (some suffered permanent kidney and brain damage). The scandal put expansion plans on hold and led to layoffs.

But stringent food safety standards and a clever marketing campaign helped the fast-food chain recover. Today, Americans love Jack in the Box’s food, including its “vile and amazing” tacos (it sells 554 million every year), according to the Wall Street Journal.

Next: Would you buy an American car?

7. Chrysler

Chrysler logo

The Chrysler logo | Gabriel Bouys/AFP/Getty Images

In 1979, Chrysler was in bad shape due to the 1970s oil crisis, falling sales, and rising pressure from foreign competitors. The feds loaned the U.S. automaker $1.5 billion. Along with Lee Iacocca’s leadership, the financial aid pulled Chrysler back from the brink. In the ‘80s, it introduced new, inexpensive compact cars as well as minivans, which consumers eagerly snapped up.

Next: Many generations recognize this brand’s toys.

8. Lego

lego shakespeare

A model of William Shakespeare on display at a LEGO store in London | Leon Neal/Getty Images

Lego’s earned praise for its creative toys, but 10 years ago, the Danish company’s foundation was shaky. It was unwittingly selling some products for less than they cost to manufacture, while new toy sets failed to impress. The company streamlined operations, recruited passionate designers, and created partnerships with hit franchises like Harry Potter.

The new toy sets became popular, and a blockbuster movie also helped the brand. Now, two years after becoming the world’s largest toy company, Lego is so successful it’s struggling to keep up with demand.

Next: Product recalls haven’t killed this car company.

9. GM

entrance to General Motors headquarters

Entrance to General Motors headquarters in Detroit | Joshua Lott/Getty Images

GM, one of America’s biggest automakers, nearly ended up in the junkyard after the 2008 financial crisis. Only a $50 million government bailout saved the car company. GM turned itself around, but it’s still faced problems, including several recalls involving faulty ignition switches and airbag glitches. People keep buying their vehicles anyway, with growing sales and earnings higher than expected.

Next: This U.S. chain is stronger than ever.

10. Starbucks

starbucks coffee cup

America proves it needs its caffeine. | Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Like several others on this list, Starbucks struggled during the 2008 financial meltdown. Things were so dire that former CEO Howard Schultz returned to the company to set things straight. The company grew too fast, as Business Insider explained, and was stumbling under its own weight.

Schultz quickly changed things, inviting people to email him with suggestions for improving the stores, briefly closing all locations for retraining, rethinking the company’s advertising campaign, and getting serious about social media. Though the chain did close several hundred underperforming locations in 2009, it emerged from the rough patch stronger than ever.

Next: Americans were devastated to see Twinkies go.

11. Hostess

A Hostess Twinkies display at a grocery store

Hostess was extremely overstaffed. | Robyn Beck/AFP/Getty Images

Founded in 1919, the snack company grew in popularity, absorbing its competitors to become an iconic food brand. But the corporate buyouts involved nearly 400 contracts for workers, 5,500 delivery routes, and a massive production system. Filing for bankruptcy, the maker of Twinkies faced 100,000 creditors and $860 million in debt.

Hostess’s new management bought it for $410 million, cutting jobs from 22,000 to 1,170. It cut back on transportation costs and utilized new technology to make up the difference. Now you can find Hostess back on the stock market and in grocery stores nationwide.

Next: It took more than a World Series to save this brand.

12. Chicago Cubs

Fans have their picture taken in front of the marquee at Wrigley Field

A huge fanbase can’t save a team from destruction. | Jonathan Daniel/Getty Images

After years of losing inside an old ballpark, the Chicago Cubs filed for bankruptcy in 2009. Valued at $845 million, the MLB team and Wrigley Field were sold to the Ricketts family. Since the transaction, Tom Ricketts has renovated the 102-year-old stadium, hired the best baseball executives, navigated Chicago politics, and remade the Cubs roster. The changes paid off; the Chicago Cubs won the 2016 World Series, its first title in over 100 years.

Next: This outdoor brand was lost in the woods.

13. Eddie Bauer

Eddie Bauer store

Eddie Bauer is on the up-and-up. | Robin Marchant/Getty Images for InStyle and Eddie Bauer

This outdoor apparel company invented the quilted down jacket and put the first American on Mount Everest in an Eddie Bauer parka. But debt and poor strategy hurt the brand. In 2009, the bankrupt brand was purchased by Golden Gate Capital for $286 million.

The new CEO Mike Egeck realigned Eddie Bauer to compete with Patagonia and North Face, designing for performance rather than lifestyle. Its marketing campaigns involve a digital focus, and it hopes to attract more male customers. In 2018, Eddie Bauer’s same-store sales are up 5%, and it’s considering a merger with Golden Gate-owned Pacific Sunwear.