Interest Rates Set to Rise on Student Debt Bubble

The massive and still growing student debt bubble continues to raise fears. Last month, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau reported that America’s total student debt outstanding is around a whopping $1 trillion. In comparison, the total amount outstanding on credit cards is about $800 billion. Now, the student debt load is moving back into the spotlight as interest rates are scheduled to rise.

Interest rates on subsidized Stafford loans are set to double from 3.4 percent to 6.8 percent on July 1, unless Congress intervenes. The lower rate was part of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007. Although President Obama and presidential candidate Mitt Romney both support temporarily extending low interest rates, Congress continues to debate on how to fund the lower rate. According to the Congressional Budget Office, keeping the lower rate is expected to cost $6 billion for one year.

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Similar to the housing bubble, loose lending standards and low interest rates have driven the cost of college much higher over the years. The College Board reported last year that the average in-state tuition and fees at four-year public colleges jumped more than 8 percent in the fall. However, more students are realizing the burdens of a heavy debt load and are seeking less overpriced alternatives. The WSJ reports, “Many predict any rise in rates could push more families to seek out less-expensive colleges—furthering a shift that is already underway. Roughly 22 percent of students from families making $100,000 or more a year attended a community college during the 2010-11 school year, compared to 12 percent the year before, according to the latest data from student lender Sallie Mae.”

On Tuesday, shares of Capella Education Co. (NASDAQ:CPLA), an accredited online academic institution, plummeted almost 9 percent after reporting a 23 percent decline in first quarter profits. The for-profit college reported a 5.9 percent decline in total active enrollment from the year before and expects new enrollment growth this quarter to decrease by a “high single digit.” DeVry Inc. (NYSE:DV) also reported a decrease in profits and enrollment in its latest quarter. Profits fell 28 percent, while new undergraduate enrollment at its DeVry University dropped 19.7 percent. Total enrollment decreased 15.1 percent.

It has already been a tough year for education stocks. Shares of Capella Education and DeVry have declined 13 percent and 19 percent year-to-date, respectively. Meanwhile, Apollo Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:APOL) and Career Education Corp. (NASDAQ:CECO) have dropped 36 percent and 14 percent, respectively. Although keeping interest rates low may provide temporary relief, it will not solve the student debt problem. Investors considering education stocks should proceed with extreme caution.

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