As the topic of hundreds of science fiction movies and books, robots are among the more advanced types of computer systems. As robotics technology continues to evolve, some people watch in amazement and others have some degree of fear. In 2011, the world watched “Watson” compete on Jeopardy against the champion Ken Jennings, answering trivia questions with super-human proficiency and accuracy.
While many people are excited to see where robotics technology will take us, others are not so optimistic. Some members of society are afraid of the robotics field evolving, with fears ranging from job security concerns to safety concerns, like those surrounding killer robots.
A survey published in Open Democracy last year found that “across the board, 55% of Americans opposed autonomous weapons (nearly 40% were “strongly opposed,”) and a majority (53%) expressed support for the new ban campaign [to stop killer robots].”
Now, we’re probably not going to see a real life Skynet (at least not anytime soon), but many of the concerns people have surrounding these new technologies are very real.
Just as some jobs from the past — like a lot of manufacturing jobs — have been replaced by machinery, it’s highly probable that more jobs will be replaced by technology in the future. A 2013 Oxford University Study estimated that 47% of U.S. jobs are at risk of becoming automated.
Using that same Oxford Study, we found out which jobs have the highest probability of being replaced by automated technology. To evaluate each job, Oxford compared over 700 jobs across various education, experience, and pay levels. It then evaluated the physical, mental, and emotional requirements a worker needs to complete the job’s associated tasks. It even went as far as to measure skill components, such the job’s negotiation and persuasion skill requirements, and the level of human care each of the jobs requires.
Each of the positions on this list have a high probability (0.99) of being automated in the future. The number included alongside each job position is the most recent employment estimate, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Jobs that will likely be replaced by automated technology
- Telemarketers — 231,900
- Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers — 53,640
- Hand sewers — 5,700
- Mathematical technicians — 1,080
- Insurance underwriters –106,300
- Watch repairers — 2,840
- Cargo and freight agents — 73,760
- Tax preparers — 67,810
- Photographic process workers and processing machine operators — 37,130
- New account clerks — 56,990
- Library technicians — 95,980
- Data entry keyers — 207,660
The jobs in the chart below (among others) also have a high probability (greater than 0.95) of being replaced by automated technology in the future.
More from Personal Finance Cheat Sheet: