Will BMW and Toyota Team Up Against GM and Ford?

While Lincoln Motor Co. flounders to reclaim its once superior standing in the luxury car market, GM’s (NYSE:GM) Cadillac shows its strength with a new power, but Toyota (NYSE:TM) and BMW have something in the works that could blow Lincoln and Cadillac both out of the water.

Ford and Lincoln

Ford’s (NYSE:F) Lincoln was once a top luxury brand in the U.S., but has fallen in the ranks in recent years. With more competing luxury brands, like Toyota’s Lexus and Volkswagen’s Audi, Lincoln has lost a significant amount of sales. Recently, Ford has been engaged in re-branding Lincoln, investing $1 billion in the brand, coming out with a new lineup of models, and pushing a new ad campaign. Lincoln sales only reached 82,510 vehicles for 2012 compared to 231,660 in 1990.

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GM and Cadillac

Ford isn’t alone in trying to do something new with its luxury brand. GM showed a new lineup of its luxury Cadillac brand, and one model stood out a little more than the rest. The Cadillac ELR coupe is a slightly reshaped model that fits in next to the other new models, but features the Chevrolet Volt’s hybrid technology, making it a green luxury machine. The price tag will be high, but GM doesn’t intend to produce a lot of this model…

Toyota and BMW teaming up

While Lincoln is re-branding, and Cadillac is adding the trending hybrid technology, Toyota and BMW are close to an agreement that could trump them both. In this agreement, BMW would lease fuel-cell technology from Toyota.

While the hybrid technology that went into the Cadillac is good for getting a bit further on less, fuel-cell technology has the potential to run five times longer and refuel quicker — perks that are hard to ignore. If the deal goes through, it would be the second between the two companies since June, when they decided to jointly develop a hydrogen fuel-cell system, electric powertrains, and lightweight technologies.

BMW was already the highest selling luxury brand in the U.S., and the added fuel efficiency of fuel-cell technology could make it even more popular, not to mention give it an edge on the Cadillac ELR Coupe’s technology. Toyota could also use the technology to boost its already popular fuel-efficient models, or even its luxury Lexus brand, which was also far ahead of Lincoln in sales last year.

While the news sounds bad for GM and Ford, they do have time on their side. BMW isn’t expected to have a fuel-cell-powered production car until 2020. This could give GM and Ford a chance to develop their own advanced technologies.

Here’s how the big 3 automakers traded in the past 5 trading sessions:

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