What Does the British Royal Family Tree Look Like and What Is the Line of Succession to the Throne?

Prince William and Prince George

Prince William and Prince George | Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images

The British royal family tree is a pretty complex one due to just how large their family is. Sure we all know the queen, Prince Charles, Prince William, his children, and Prince Harry but there are so many lesser-known royals who are also in the line of succession to the throne. And that line can change for some with every birth of a new royal baby.

While complicated, their history is interesting. Here’s a look at their family tree and who falls where in the line of succession.

It makes the most sense to break down the family tree starting with King George V, the first monarch from Britain’s House of Windsor. He and his wife, Mary, had six children Edward, Albert, Mary, Henry, George, and John. When George V died the crown passed to his firstborn son.

Edward VIII became king but wanted to wed two-time American divorcee, Wallis Simpson, which at the time was not allowed. Still, Edward was set on marrying Simpson and therefore abdicated the throne to do so. On Dec. 11, 1936, his brother, Albert, was crowned King George VI.

King George VI and his wife, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother had two children, Elizabeth II, and her sister, Margaret. Elizabeth II married Prince Phillip and went on to become the queen when her father died in 1952.

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II | Toby Melville/Pool/Getty Images

Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh had four children Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana then, of course, had Princes William and Harry. Charles’ sister, Anne, had one son, Peter Phillips, and one daughter, Zara Tindall. Neither have titles. Andrew, the Duke of York and his ex-wife, Sarah “Fergie” Ferguson, are the parents of Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie. And his younger brother, Edward, Earl of Wessex also had two children Louise and James.

Prince William and Kate Middleton welcomed three children Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis. Prince Harry and Meghan Markle have one son. Peter Phillips’ wife, Autumn, gave birth to two daughters, Savannah and Isla. And the queen’s granddaughter, Zara, and her husband Mike Tindall also have two girls named Mia and Lena.

So where do each of these royals fall in the line of succession?

Most people are aware that Prince Charles is the first in line to take over the throne after his mother. His oldest son, Prince William, is second in line and his son, Prince George, is third. His little sister, Charlotte, is fourth in line thanks to the Succession to the Crown Act which amended the system so that males no longer take precedence over their older sisters. Their younger brother, Louis, who was born in April 2018, is fifth.

After the birth of each of William’s children, Harry’s place in the line was bumped down. The Duke of Sussex currently sits at sixth in line and when his son, Archie, was born he became seventh. On June 4, 2021, Harry’s daughter, Lilibet, took the eighth spot and pushed her great uncle Prince Andrew down to the ninth position. The Duke of York’s daughters, Beatrice and Eugenie, are 10th and 11th respectively. Eugenie’s son, born on Feb. 9, 2021, is 12th.

Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie

Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie | Chris Jackson/Getty Images

If you’re not sure who comes after that the answer is Prince Edward followed by his son, James, who’s 14th. Edward’s daughter, Louise, is 15th. Her aunt, Princess Anne, is 16th and her son, Peter, is 17th. Peter’s daughters Savannah and Isla, are 18th and 19th. Anne’s daughter, Zara, is 20th and her children Mia, Lena, and Lucas are 21st, 22nd, and 23rd in the line of succession to the British throne.